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Sherlock Holmes is a late 19th and early 20th century fictional detective who first appeared in 1887. He is the brainchild of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, a Scottish-born author and physician. Holmes, a genius London-based detective, is renowned for his analytical excellence, and is known for his skillful use of deductive reasoning and astute deduction to solve difficult crimes (somewhat mistakenly – see inductive reasoning). He is arguably the most popular fictional detective ever made, and is one of the literary characters in any genre that is best